Perceived Employability of Moroccan Engineering Students: a PLS-SEM Approach


  • Aniss Qostal Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Morocco,
  • Khadija Sellamy University Ibn Tofail, Morocco,
  • Zineb Sabri University Ibn Tofail, Morocco,
  • Hamza Nouib Ibn Tofail University, Morocco,
  • Younes Lakhrissi Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Morocco,
  • Aniss Moumen Ibn Tofail University, Morocco,


employability model, employability skills 2000+, confirmatory factor analysis, structural equation modeling, engineering students, SmartPLS software


This study aims to build an employability model on the skills of young
Moroccans, their perceptions of the competencies towards the labour market, and
enhance the understanding of the employment landscape through an exploratory
study based on the Conference Board of Canada (Employability Skills 2000+).
Therefore, the competencies and skills under discussion are presented according to
the Employability Skills 2000+ model; comprising Fundamental skills (FS),
Personal Management Skills (PMS), and Teamwork skills (TWS). Accordingly,
the approach used the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and the Structural
Equation Modeling (SEM) with SmartPLS software. The primary data was
collected through a survey of Moroccan engineering students from the ENSAK
(National School of Applied Sciences of Kenitra in English) belonging to the Ibn
Tofail University of Kenitra. The survey participants included 411 students from
six departments, relying on the non-probability and voluntary response sampling
methodology. Finally, the results obtained revealed different perceptions regarding
the priorities of certain skills in the labor market; where Personal Management
Skills (PMS), Teamwork Skills (TWS), and Work Safely (WS) were perceived as
highly demanded in the professional context with a medium effect on the model.
Otherwise, the remains elements and features have a small effect and impact on
the model, especially the fundamental skills and its sub-constructs.




How to Cite

Qostal , A., Sellamy , K., Sabri , Z., Nouib , H., Lakhrissi , Y., & Moumen , A. (2024). Perceived Employability of Moroccan Engineering Students: a PLS-SEM Approach. International Journal of Instruction, 17(2), 259–282. Retrieved from