Is It Necessary to Use Digital Tools in the Flipped Classroom to Improve the Memorization Process?


  • Hamzi Amine Faculté des sciences Dhar El Mahraz-FSDM, Morocco,
  • Echantoufi Noureddine Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Morocco,
  • Khouna Jalal Cadi Ayyad University, Morocco,
  • Ajana Lotfi Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Morocco,
  • Elkhattabi Khalid Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University, Morocco,


digital tools, flipped classroom, memorization, learning process, life, earth


Memorization is a crucial factor in effective learning and achieving educational goals. Recent research has suggested that short video sequences viewed by students before class can aid in acquiring and retaining basic concepts, thereby improving memorization and positively impacting the learning process in the flipped classroom approach. However, frequent use of digital tools among adolescents has been found to negatively impact cognitive functions such as memorization. It is worth noting that the traditional use of paper-based materials has been found to have a positive impact on memorization, particularly among learners who are easily distracted by digital devices or experience eye strain from prolonged screen use. Printed materials can offer a more tactile experience, allowing learners to physically highlight and annotate text, which can aid in the encoding and retrieval of information. This study aimed to assess the role of digital tools in the flipped classroom approach and determine if they could be substituted by paper-based materials. To achieve this, a comparative study was conducted between 35 students using digital tools in their flipped classroom (FCDS) and 31 students using paperbased materials (FCPS). The study involved administering pre-tests and post-tests to both groups to evaluate their ability to retrieve basic concepts and assess the effectiveness of their learning in life and earth sciences. The results indicate that learners were able to retrieve knowledge effectively regardless of the medium used and that the positive effect of the FCDS on recall during learning is comparable to that of the FCPS.




How to Cite

Amine , H., Noureddine , E., Jalal , K., Lotfi , A., & Khalid , E. (2024). Is It Necessary to Use Digital Tools in the Flipped Classroom to Improve the Memorization Process?. International Journal of Instruction, 17(1), 653–672. Retrieved from